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印度比中国强大吗,印网友:我们IT、医疗、宝莱坞和太空更强

2019-04-19 13:21:13 | 来源:三泰虎 | 参与: 0

  Is India stronger than China?(2)

  印度比中国强大吗?(2)

\

  Quora读者的评论:

  Shreya Kashyap, studied at Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra

  Originally Answered: Is India more powerful than China after getting membership of MTCR and NSG 2016?

  This is rather a very unrelated comparison. It’s like expecting second rank if we didn’t get the first and petulantly hoping that we are better than the first rank-holder atleast in some respect. I believe that both are two different things. We needed membership of the two regimes for two different reasons.

  MTCR - i) for the state-of-the-art technology in the field of rockets, UAVs with an eye on Make-In-India campaign in the area of defence.

  ii) high-end cryogenic technology from Russia to enhance our space exploration (i.e., capacity-building for ISRO).

  iii) significant foreign reserve with sale of our own technologies like BrahMos missile.

  But this doesn’t serve the purpose of NSG membership which India hopes would -

  i) bring investment in our civil nuclear space programme.

  ii) swifter sale of nuclear fuels like Uranium to boost our civil nuclear capacity. We have signed civil nuclear deals with various countries in line with the 2005 waiver. Yet countries like Australia, Namibia are hesitant to sell given our no desire to sign NPT and continued deferment of NSG membership. Alongside Uranium, we also need the supply of Plutonium to seed the III-stage Advanced Heavy Water Reactor which uses leftover from II-stage Fast Breeder Reactor and Uranium-Thorium MOX.

  Here, one-upping China in terms of MTCR membership is nothing more than a psychological edge. China has been constantly denied the membership due to its export-control standards and involvement with North Korea’s nuclear programme. Knowing China, it already has distinguished nuclear programme in the world. So, gaining MTCR membership versus its support to Pakistan and North Korean nuclear programme is probably a clever balancing act of China to gain one-upmanship in the field of nuclear capabilities and international diplomacy.

  最初的问题是:2016年加入MTCR(导弹及其技术控制制度)和NSG(核供应国集团)后,印度是否比中国更强大?

  这是一个无厘头的比较。这就像如果没能获得第一名,我们就希望能拿第二名,并且自以为是地认为我们至少在某些方面比第一名更好。我相信这两者是两码事。出于两个不同的原因,我们需要成为这两个组织的成员。

  MTCR - i)印度国防领域的印度制造运动需要火箭、无人机领域最先进的技术。

  ii)来自俄罗斯的高端低?#24405;?#26415;,能增强我国的空间探索能力(比如ISRO的运载能力)。

  iii)出售我们自己的技术,如布拉莫斯导弹,能带来大量的外汇储备。

  但这并不符合印度希望成为核供应国集团成员的目的:

  i)为我们的民用核空间计划带来投资。

  ii)加快铀等核燃料销售,提高民用核电能力。我们已根据2005年的弃权书与各国签署了民用核协议。但因为我们没有签署《不扩散核武器条约》的意愿,还推延核供应国集团的成员资格,澳大利亚、纳米比亚这样的国家对出售核武器犹豫不决。除了铀,我们还需要供应钚来为推进III?#26029;?#36827;重水反应堆,该反应堆使用了II级快中子增殖反应堆和铀钍氧化物的剩余物。

  在MTCR成员国资格方面超过中国只不过是一?#20013;?#29702;优势。由于出口控制标准和参与朝鲜核计划,中国一直被拒绝加入该组织。但中国的核计划已经在世界上处于领先地位了。因此,获得MTCR成员国资格与中国对巴基斯坦和朝鲜核计划的支持可能是中国在核能力和国际外交领域取得领先地位的一个聪明的平衡举措。

\

  Gaurav Kishore, lives in Sydney, Australia

  It’s a very broad question - so depends upon benchmark. For example - stronger on happiness index , democratic values , military might , industrial output , trade deficit, education ( graduates ready for industry) , productivity, per capita income , infrastructure, life expectancy, medical science, work ethics , human rights and so on.

  Clearly on a few of above parameters, India might be leading but it doesn’t imply India is stronger than China . Howver , in modern times, it’s the economic and quality of life related benchmarks are usually used to measure prosperity of a country and people. Unfortunately none of these two country perform well in evenness of wealth . As result , a large number of people on both these countries are prone to exploitation and inhuman conditions. I feel that even in multinational companies based in these country employees suffer servitude and exploitation which impacts their work life balance .

  So the right question should be : what India and China can do to achieve inclusive growth? In times when US role as global leader is diminishing , both India and China should work hard to get their mutual disputes resolved and take more role in global leadership.

  这是一个非常宽泛的问题,因此取决于衡量的基准是什么。例如,在幸福指数、皿煮价值观、军事实力、工业产出、贸易逆差、教育(毕业生为工业做好准备)、生产力、人均收入、基础设施、预期寿命、医学、职业道德、人全等方面哪国更强。

  显然,在?#40092;?#20960;个方面,印度可能处于领先地位,但这并不意味着印度就比中国强大了。在现代,与经济和生活质量相关的基准通常用来衡量一个国家和人民的?#27604;佟?#19981;幸的是,这两个国家的贫富差距?#24049;?#22823;。因此,这两个国家的许多民众都容?#36164;?#21040;剥削和不人道的情况。我觉得即使是在这些国家的跨国公司,员工?#19981;?#21463;到奴役和剥削,影响他们的工作和生活平衡。

  因此,这个问题应该这么问:印度和中国能为实?#32844;?#23481;性增长做些什么?在美国作为全球领导者的地位正在下降的时候,印度和中国?#21152;?#35813;努力解决彼此的争端,在全球领导中发挥更大的作用。

  Tejwinder Singh, A keen learner.

  Originally Answered: China vs. India which is more powerful on economical and political Basis?

  Economically - China is stronger. The size of their economy and reserves is almost 10 times India"s. China's manufacturing surpass India exponentially. Even surging forward into services sector which is a cause of worry for India.

  International sphere:

  China has an edge in Geopolitical sphere due to its economic and military might that is second to USA only and will surpass in not too long a time. Size of the country and its geographical position also makes it strategically important. India is also not lagging behind by much and is resurgent to find space for itself there among the topshots. Soft skill projection via culture and a fast emerging economy , no one can ignore. India is seen as a counter force to China in the region and is trying hard to get a permanent UNSC seat.

  最初的问题是:中国和印度哪个在经济和政?#20301;?#30784;上更强大?

  经济上—中国更强大。他们的经济规模和外汇储备几乎是印度的10倍。中国的制造业指数超过印度。就连服务业的?#35813;头?#23637;也让印度感到担忧。

  国际环?#24120;?#20013;国的经济和军事实力仅次于美国,不久就会超过美国,因此在地缘政治领域具有优势。中国的面积和地理位置也使其具有战略重要性。这就是为什么中国是五常国家

  印度也没有落后太多,印度正在崛起,希望能在这些热门国家中找到自己的一席之地。通过文化软技能的展示和经济的快速崛起,没有人能忽视印度。印度被视为该地区能跟中国抗衡的势力,正努力获得联合国安理会常任理事国席位。

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